Wine classifications are also indicated on wine labels. The Italians have strict controls on their wines with regulations to ensure origin, inherent quality, and authenticity. The four classifications of Italian wine are:
Vino da Tavola (vee’ noh da tav’ oh lah) — table wine. These wines do not specify the grape variety, vintage or place of origin on their label. They are the wines that do not fit into any other category. They do not conform to DOC regulations on grape types or vinification techniques.
DOC — Denominazione di Origine Controllata (dae no mee naht zee oh’ nae dee oh ree’ gee nae con trol lah’ tah), literally controlled denomination of area. Signifies an area in which the wine must be produced and also places some controls on grape varieties, color, aroma, flavor, alcohol content, acidity and/or period of aging.
DOCG — Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (dae no mee naht zee oh’ nae dee oh ree’ gee nae con trol lah’ tah ae gah ren tee’ tah), literally controlled denomination of area and guaranteed. The premier classification. In addition to the DOC standards, DOCG wines generally have lower yield requirements and must pass a taste test by a tasting panel and in-depth chemical analyses before bottling.
IGT — Indicazione Geografica Tipica (in dae caht zee oh’ nae gee oh’ graf’ e cah tee’ pee ca), literally typical geographic indicator. Indicates wines that are produced in a specific area and that use approved grape varieties, but is not as strict as DOC with regard to color, flavor and yield requirements.
November 2, 2008